Infrared Bulbs: Types Of Ir Bulbs For Household Use And Choice

Household infrared lamps as heating equipment are a promising and interesting solution. You have to agree: it's not bad to have a compact, high efficiency device that is also easy to use. But you don't know what to look for when choosing an IR bulb?

We will tell you how to find the best IR bulb for your home, cottage and household. In the article we presented, the features of their device are discussed, the pros and cons, the appropriateness of use are given. To facilitate the task of choosing the best manufacturers with a reputation on the lighting market are listed.

In order to help buyers, the information is supplemented with pictures of IR bulbs, video recommendations and useful tips. With our recommendations, you will have no problem finding a device that can provide you with quality heat comparable to the sun.

Article Content:

  • What is Infrared Heating?
  • Design of infrared lamps
  • The specifics of choosing the right option
  • The advantages of infrared
  • Benefits of Infrared Heating
  • Presentation of popular manufacturers
    • Manufacturer #1 - Philips
    • Manufacturer #2 - Osram
    • Manufacturer #3 - InterHeat
  • Conclusions and useful video on the topic

What is Infrared Heating?

IR lights emit heat rays. Objects that are within range of such devices absorb these waves and then transfer the resulting heat to the surrounding air. The nature of infrared rays is comparable to the characteristics of ordinary visible light, so they are just as subject to the laws of optics.

While infrared waves have transparency, refraction and reflection coefficients like visible light waves, their specific properties have somewhat different characteristics. For example, such radiation has difficulty penetrating a layer of water only a few centimeters thick, but it is easily transmitted by silicon wafers.

Aluminum reflects IR rays much better than visible light waves, the reflection coefficient can be as high as 98%. Such radiation is practically not absorbed by the air, and this provides a high level of efficiency in this type of heater. But water vapor, ozone, carbon dioxide and other \"fillers\" can make a big difference.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

Infrared waves pass through the air almost without loss of thermal energy, which is absorbed by the surrounding objects and spread upwards

Unlike convection heating, infrared waves do not heat the air around the device, but the surfaces of objects to which they are directed. The air is heated by those objects. Understanding this principle will help you use infrared heating devices correctly.

Infrared lamp design

The infrared lamp is not so much for lighting as it is for heating. To provide warmth to an entire room or even a house, special heaters of all kinds and sizes have been created. Infrared lamps are better suited to heat individual areas of a room.

The most common models of such devices are a glass bulb with a tungsten filament inside.

A mirrored coating directs the flow of infrared radiation in the desired direction and increases the effectiveness of the thermal effect. Most of the time it can be screwed into a standard E27 socket and connected to a 220 V mains supply.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

The infrared lamp consists of a bulb and a reflector with a filament inside. It has a standard E27 socket so it can be used with suitable light fixtures

The power of the lamp can vary from 50-500W. It is not recommended to use a plastic socket with such fixtures, it is better to take a ceramic one. The socket and lamp shade for the IR lamp must be able to withstand heat up to 80 degrees, not all plastic is capable of this.

For the same reason, it is not recommended to touch the included IR lamp, you can get a serious burn. A grid is used to protect against accidental touching.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

Traditionally the bulbs of infrared lamps are painted red, but models with clear glass are also popular. Blue infrared lamps also occur

The glass from which such a lamp is made may be standard, tempered or pressed. The bulb is left transparent, but often tinted red or blue.

Contrary to popular belief, the blue coloration is not at all an exclusive feature of ultraviolet devices. The filament in infrared lamps may not only be made of tungsten, some manufacturers use carbon for this purpose.

The reflector is marked as IKZK, IKZS and IKZ, indicating red, blue or no coloration. Special mention should be made of IR lamps made not as a traditional bulb but as a narrow tube.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

The ceramic infrared lamp bulb is more resistant to heat, moisture, temperature variations and shocks than its glass counterparts

There is a very special type of lamp of this type, these have a ceramic body and are only for heating where light is not needed.

The heating element in these devices is a nichrome or fechral filament. They are very rugged and durable devices and are not afraid of contact with water splashes. Such devices are widely used for nighttime heating of young animals as well as for home keeping of exotic animals: reptiles, snakes, etc.

Peculiarities of choosing a suitable variant

The IR lamp is most often designed for E-27 standard socket, but there are also other variants, this point should be considered before buying.

Besides the type of socket, when selecting an infrared lamp, you should take into consideration such parameters as:

  • wavelengthIR radiation;
  • powerheating device;
  • power voltage.

Long, medium and short wave infrared radiation differs in the amount of heat and light. The brighter the infrared lamp, the shorter the wavelength of radiation, and the farther its area of penetration.

The heat of devices emitting long wavelengths is considered to be milder in effect. There is usually no problem with the voltage, because household devices of this type are traditionally designed for 220 W voltage in the normal network.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

To avoid getting burnt on the surface of the infrared lamp and to protect the device from damage, protective grids should be used

As for the power, it is chosen depending on the size of the area to be heated. For 10 square meters it is recommended to take 1 kW of power. It is possible to slightly increase this figure depending on the heat loss.

This is relevant for poorly insulated rooms, objects located on a cold floor, if there are old windows with cracks in the frames, etc.

IC lamps differ in shape and diameter, they are marked according to these attributes. In order to understand the dimensions of the product by the code, a little calculation has to be done. The numbers next to the letter code must be divided by 4 to get the diameter dimensions in inches.

The result is easy to convert to centimeters. For example, for a PAR38 lamp, the calculation would be as follows: 38:4=4.75 inches; 4.75*2.54=12.07 cm. The letters indicate the shape of the bulb, the value of the code is given in the table:

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

The shape of the bulb of an infrared lamp can be very different, this point is reflected by the letter marking. The short housing fits better under the lampshade, thus reducing the amount of glare

The number R indicates the presence of a reflector. These models usually have a very simple design. The glass part of the bulb through which the radiation passes is monolithically connected to the reflector, and there is a layer of reflective paint inside. The angle of illumination is greater than 45 degrees.

Br models are lamps with a convex reflector covered with paint or other reflective material.

The integrated transparent bulb can be glossy or satin and sometimes has honeycombs to reduce glare. These models also usually have a light angle over 45 degrees.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

IC lamps are good for evenly and gently drying various surfaces that have been painted or coated

The PAR type models have a parabolic reflector with an aluminum coating. A tempered glass bulb with a honeycomb structure is attached to it. The precisely calculated shape of both elements ensures the complete tightness of the device.

Usually these models are slightly shorter than their counterparts described above, they are considered more reliable and suitable for use in difficult conditions.

Benefits of IR heating

As already mentioned, IR lamps are used for spot heating of specific areas. Although in crop or livestock production, a few lights can fully meet the heat needs of a greenhouse, chicken coop, etc.

The most important advantages of this type of lamps are:

  • compact size;
  • easy to install;
  • high efficiency;
  • preads heat without fans,etc. etc.

air practically does not absorb the infrared waves that deliver heat directly to the heated object. As a result, it is not necessary to direct the heated air streams to spread through the room as is done with convection methods. Even if the lamp is located just below the ceiling, the heat will reach the target.

This heater does not require oxygen, so its presence is beneficial to the atmosphere in the room.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

Infrared heating is a must when raising chickens. A ceramic lamp can be used at night, which gives no light

As there is no convection, no dust moves around the house either. IR lamps are not difficult to store if they are only used seasonally. To install or remove the fixture you just screw it into or out of the socket.

The device does not need any special storage conditions and if handled with care it more than earns the life expectancy of the manufacturer.

This type of lamp is convenient if you need to heat a specific place. For example, if the balcony was too cold in winter, a couple of small lamps would help to solve the problem quickly, and in summer you could just take them off and hide them. It is also worth remembering the health benefits of infrared radiation.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

If you provide the infrared lamp with a temperature regulator, you can change the intensity of heating according to the situation

It is used for medicinal purposes in medical institutions, but the healing effect is also available at home. Although there are medical devices for treatment, home fixtures are not suitable.

Another advantage of infrared lamps is the possibility to easily change the height of the fixture above the floor. This point is especially relevant when raising plants and young animals.

The suitability of lamp heating

Lamps like these are widely used in animal husbandry, both in industrial applications and in small households. Infrared lighting is practically indispensable when raising newborn offspring. It creates the right temperature, gently dries the bedding materials and produces a disinfecting effect.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

Heating with infrared lamps is widely used in greenhouses. Several lamps are usually used for a single room, which are hung at some distance from each other

For piglets in the first week of life it is recommended to use a lamp type IRKZ-250, hanging height from the floor is 50 cm. In the next two weeks the lamps are raised another 25 cm, then this distance is increased to one meter. At this height this model can heat about one square meter of space.

For chick rearing, an infrared bulb should be used, which can heat the cage to 23-32 degrees. The temperature should vary throughout the day, so it will be necessary to install a thermometer in the cage and a thermostat outside that will change the heating intensity.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

Scientist Mark O. Nore states that different lighting colors can significantly affect the development and behavior of the young birds

Some believe that lamps with red bulbs should be used in the first 20 days of chicks' lives to reduce stress factors for the young. The wiring should be routed around the outside of the cage. Lights with a protective grid are recommended to protect the chicks from burns and the glass from damage.

From time to time, after cooling down, the surface of the unit must be cleaned of dirt with a damp rag, otherwise it will be overloaded and may burn out too quickly. For chickens do not take cheap lamps with thin bulbs that burst if accidentally exposed to water droplets.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

Infrared heat is very useful for young pets. These lamps allow optimal temperature conditions, prevent the development of diseases, and strengthen immunity

In small home greenhouses, the heating level depends on the needs of the crops grown there. Several lamps will be needed, usually about a meter and a half apart. The lamps are suspended in such a way that the height can be varied: they are lifted up as the plants grow in order to avoid overheating.

Besides these fields infrared radiation is also successfully used in the construction and automotive industries to dry various surfaces. Infrared light can also be used to dry herbs, spices, foodstuffs, etc. Another option is to heat plastic for molding work.

Popular manufacturers

The market for IR lights is quite wide and varied.

The low price of the IR lamp is well compensated by the high reliability, modern design and long lifetime.

Manufacturer #1 - Philips

The Philips model is the one with these characteristics. They can be used safely wherever there is a risk of water splashes: bathrooms, kitchens, livestock buildings.

Philips PAR lamps reduce heat costs by 30% compared to their counterparts thanks to the improved reflector. Approximately 90% of the electricity is converted into infrared radiation. These products are highly durable.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

The infrared lamps are compact and lightweight compared to other types of heaters and are easy to install and remove

Manufacturer #2 - Osram

The Osram SICCATHERM products demonstrate high efficiency. The power of the lamps varies between 150W and 375W. They are designed for the standard E27 base and cover an angle of 30 degrees.

The red bulbs in this range are marked RED, the frosted ones are marked FR and the clear bulbs are marked CL.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

The manufacturer Osram has established itself in the lighting market as a conscientious and reliable supplier

Most often these lamps are used in animal husbandry and for drying painted and varnished surfaces.

Manufacturer #3 - InterHeat

IC lamps from InterHeat are universal, almost all fit a standard base. Their distinctive feature is the increased resistance of the glass bulb to splashing and accidental shocks.

Infrared bulbs: types of IR bulbs for household use and choice

The InterHeat manufacturer's high-power bulbs have proven to be stable and durable when used in livestock facilities

These lamps have found extensive use in the raising of young animals and poultry. The bulb can be either transparent or red, the heater wattage varies in a wide range from 100W to 375W.

Summary and helpful video on the subject

An overview of the IR lamp IR150RH E27 from PHILIPS can be found in the following video:

This video provides useful information about choosing an IR lamp for heating animals:

An interesting comparison of the characteristics of a mirror and a ceramic IR lamp:

Of course, such devices cannot completely provide heat for a house or large room. But there are situations where an IR lamp is indispensable. If the device is chosen correctly, it will provide uniform and relatively inexpensive heating exactly where you need it.

Are you selecting an infrared bulb to install in your home/apartment? Tell us about what was the decisive argument for you in favor of this or that decision. Please write your comments in the box below, ask questions, and post photos on the topic of the article.

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