How To Use The Water Heater Correctly: Instructions For Use

Big-sized equipment and compact water heating devices are actively involved in shaping comfortable conditions. Few city dwellers know how to use a water heater, as their apartments are connected to centralized DHW supply. However, if you have to live in a khrushchevka or in a dacha, information about the operation of complicated units will be extremely useful, agree?

We will give you informed answers to all questions arising from the use of devices. In our proposed article, the topic of water heaters is thoroughly disclosed, their types and design features are indicated.

The specifics of installation and the rules of competent operation are set out in detail. Technological subtleties and nuances of care are outlined. The information is supplemented by photos, diagrams and video tutorials to make it easier to understand.

Content of the article:

  • Characteristics of flow and storage units
  • Instructions and good advice
    • The subtleties of operating flow units
    • Rules of use of storage units
  • Care and maintenance features
  • Ways to solutions to problems with the equipment
  • Conclusions and useful video on the subject

Characteristics of the flow-through and storage units

All water heaters are divided into flow-through units and storage models according to the principle of water heating. Often the same company supplies both variants to the market, and the buyer is already entitled to choose what exactly he needs.

Storage devices are equipped with a tank of a certain volume, in which water is collected. After filling the useful volume of the device, it is heated by heating elements specially designed for this purpose up to the temperature specified by the user in the settings.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Models offered in stores allow choosing the best set of functions for a reasonable price. The main thing is to determine beforehand what is best for a certain house/apartment

The tank of such heaters is obligatory insulated, which helps to keep the temperature of the water inside for a long time. Their volume may vary from 10 liters to 300 liters or more.

Makers envisage a demand for oversized appliances that can meet the water heating needs of a large family.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

A 10 liter storage heater can be placed in any convenient location. For example under the sink

The bigger the volume, the more space is needed in the house or apartment. This fact must be taken into account.

The second type of water heaters for domestic use are flow-through heaters. They are quite different from storage water heaters - they do not have a tank for collecting a certain amount of liquid.

You might be interested to know, what type of water heaters is better - flow or storage?

Flow models heat the water coming from the water supply pipe immediately after opening the tap. Visually, such models are much smaller and are mounted next to the tap.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

A variation of flow-through water heaters is a special tap. They do not require much electricity and may become a real godsend for country houses

Depending on the fuel used, storage tanks and flow-through water heaters are often:

  • gas appliances;
  • electric appliances.

The first have a large initial cost, but they pay back already after 2 years. The latter are two to three times cheaper at the beginning but due to high electricity costs they become more expensive for the owner in the third year of use.

This relation holds true in constant use.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Flow type heaters can be fitted with a kitchen spout and a shower head. They are installed near the tap in order to avoid big heat losses

If it is a question of seasonal staying in a cottage and using small amounts of warm water, the electric variant would be very suitable for a potential buyer.

There are many cottage areas supplied with electricity and as for gas, the situation with its availability could be more miserable. And if you rarely use the device, it will consume very little electricity.

Instructions and tips

Depending on the type of water heater purchased, it must be handled with care and used for its intended purpose.

In order not to damage the expensive appliance with your ignorance, it is better to read in the manual how to use the specific water heater model correctly.

Tips of usage of flow-through units

Differences in appearance and device of flow-through and storage models cause some nuances in operation.

That is why before starting to use the unit it is important to carefully study the recommendations given by the manufacturer.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

The water heater can be used not only in the countryside but also in a city apartment. It is easy to install and connect with your own hands

The most common requirements that must be met before using storage and flow models are as follows:

  • installation of a coarse filter;
  • strictly horizontal installation;
  • grounding for electrical appliances.

The horizontal location is checked with a construction level. Strict observance of this rule will help prevent the formation of air pockets.

It is also important to note that there are models that can only be installed horizontally or only vertically. If you neglect this rule, the equipment at best will not work, and at worst it will simply burn out.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Small models of electric flow heaters of vertical design will easily fit into the kitchen design. And a 10 liter unit does not take up much space

There are also models with a choice of horizontal or vertical installation. The design features of the device are designed for any position and it will not affect the further operation.

Flowing water heaters are produced by many domestic companies. On the market you can also find a big number of offers from European and Chinese companies.

Overview of the best producers of appliances for domestic water heating is given in our other article.

The price of the units depends directly on the following factors:

  • brand awareness and its reputation;
  • the quality of materials used in production;
  • additional equipment features;
  • mechanical or electronic control type;
  • installation of the equipment.

Independent of the brand and price of the purchased equipment, the buyer must have the manufacturer's instruction and the warranty card in which the seller marked the date of purchase and certified it with his seal.

Without these documents a quality product cannot be bought. All conscientious companies necessarily equip their devices with this document.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Frequently in the instructions of the equipment you will find the requirement of the manufacturer to use only the parts and materials coming with the kit. Otherwise the user will be deprived of warranty service

The water heaters are either mechanically or electronically operated. The first option is more reliable. The price of such units is lower. The second option is more expensive and can have many additional features, up to the control of switching on and changing the temperature mode via SMS commands.

Peculiarities of the operation of a particular model of water heater are given in the manual. Among gas and electric variants, most often consumers prefer the latter.

This is due to their greater safety, ease of installation and the possibility not to coordinate the installation work with special services.

In case of purchasing a gas flow heater, not only is it necessary to invite a qualified specialist with a gas installation permit, but also to obtain permission from the relevant authority for installation.

In future it is mandatory to call a master for regular monitoring They are less likely to break than equipment with an electronic control circuit

The basic rules for using water heaters are repeated by most water heater manufacturers. The most important thing is not to include faulty equipment with signs of damage.

If the heater has fallen off the wall and something has broken off, under no circumstances should it be used without prior inspection by a specialist.

When the equipment is properly installed and connected by a master, the owner can adjust the heating temperature as he sees fit. Special buttons can be used for this, if a particular model has them.

In some appliances, the temperature is adjusted by the hot water faucet itself when the flow rate changes.

Operation of water heaters is permitted only to legally capable persons. Children may not turn the equipment on by themselves without adult supervision. Do not pour water on it or drop it. All outlets located on the appliance must not be covered. This could lead to damage.

The water flow heater may only be used when the air temperature in the room is at least 0 degrees Celsius. This rule is especially relevant for dachas and cottages with occasional visits.

When not needed, the device should be removed by first disconnecting it from the mains and draining the remaining water. It should then be stored in a warm room.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Frost will damage individual parts of the appliance, which will cause problems in performing the functions. This case is not covered by the warranty, so the consumer will have to make repairs at his own expense

To use the flow-through water heater, it is enough to set the desired water temperature once. In the future, the owner will just have to open the tap of this heater and use warm water at any time of the day.

The right thing to do is to use the shower head and spout that come with the appliance.

There is no point in turning on/off the plug every day if you need to wash your hands. It is only necessary to unplug the flow model from the mains if you are away for long periods of time.

The peculiarities of running water heating equipment operation are shown in the photo selection:

Gallery of images

Photo of

The most common type of flow water heaters is a gas-fired column, heating water in the volume required for use with a burner

The equipment, working on the cheapest type of fuel, if the operating rules are violated can be dangerous for the owners. In order to prevent this it is necessary to ventilate the room with it regularly

En addition to ensuring regular ventilation of the room with a gas-fired boiler one should monitor the state of the vent hole communicating with the common house shaft

The number of switching on and off the equipment, which cause scale formation on the inner walls of the pipe should be reduced if possible

The minimum distance between the gas range and flowing heater should be 100 mm. Installation of equipment emitting heat during operation, next to the flow-through heater should also be excluded

In order the flow-through heater automatics could respond there should be not less than 1 m between the unit and the mixer

To avoid endangering the gas equipment you should regularly check the state of pipes and connections. If there are any suspicions, the unreliable place should be lubricated with soapy water, it will bubble if the tightness is broken

The condition of the gas boiler should be monitored by both the owner and the company responsible for the gas supply. The first service is carried out six months after installation, subsequent ones at intervals,

Water heater

Regular ventilation of the room

Check the ventilation ventilation

Reduction of short-term activation

Position relative to the gas stove

Distance between the tap and the water heater

Check the pipes and connections

Rules for the storage units

The storage water heater models can be quite small, or quite large. In the first case, the tank is from 10 liters. Such equipment is convenient to install in the kitchen under/over the sink.

Sized models are hung on the wall or mounted in the floor. It depends on the weight of the filled unit and the condition of the wall in the room where you intend to connect it.

You may also find it useful to install a water heater with your own hands.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Water heaters come in both horizontal and vertical types. This rule applies not only to small volume

Many manufacturers offer storage models that require gas or electricity to work.

The first option with constant use by a family of 5 people for 4-5 years will cost by total purchase costs, connection and payment of gas 3-4 times cheaper than the electric option. Although, the cost of the unit itself in the stores is somewhere in the 2,5-3 times cheaper than the gas device.

Operate only the boiler, properly installed and connected to the power supply. The specialist who performed all the work must put a mark about this in the warranty card and test the quality of installation of the equipment.

Without his signature and seal of the organization in case of a breakdown it is not possible to use the warranty.

If everything is installed by a responsible master, the owner can begin to operate the water heater. First it is necessary to inspect all sides of the equipment and make sure that everything is intact, there is no visible damage, the wire with the plug is not melted anywhere and nothing leaks.

If the visual inspection was successful, it is necessary to fill the boiler or make sure that it is filled. To do this, open the water supply valve to the unit and unscrew the hot water tap. As soon as water starts to flow from the tap - the storage heater is filled.

Now you can plug the device into the socket and press the \"on\"/\"on\" button on the body. It can be controlled and adjusted with the corresponding buttons.

Depending on the model of equipment, the desired temperature can be controlled and adjusted mechanically or by entering the corresponding commands on the monitor.

The technical perfection of the device directly influences its cost. In everyday life, models with the most necessary functions and simple control are most often purchased. The easier it is, the less faults in the future.

You may find useful the information about the self-repair of the water heater, discussed in our other article.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

In practice water heaters with electronic control are bad for installation in the bathroom. It is advisable to avoid installation in a room with a high level of humidity

It is important to follow all the rules described by the manufacturer in the instructions of the specific appliance. Also, under no circumstances switch on a broken heater.

If the external condition is a cause for concern or signs of melting are visible on the wiring or socket plug, you should definitely consult a specialist.

If the storage unit is the main source of providing hot water in the house/apartment, you should not unplug it for economy reasons.

This unit will only switch on to heat water when necessary thanks to the thermostat installed. As soon as the water reaches the desired temperature, it switches off automatically.

This operation makes it possible to use electricity or gas as economically as possible if it is a gas water heater. It is advisable to turn the equipment off only when the owner and all residents of the house, cottage or apartment are absent for a long time.

Image gallery

Photo of

Boiler water heater

Recommendations for activating

Drain the water from the tank when not in use

Water heater in the bath tub

Care and maintenance details

All the storage tanks both accumulator and flow-through models require care and periodic maintenance.

Trouble free operation is assured by:

  • correct use;
  • care;
  • simple maintenance.

You can protect the heater from accidental breakdowns by following the instructions and recommendations from the manufacturer.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

It is desirable that the appliance should not be splashed with water during operation and that it itself be securely fastened to the wall

What concerns maintenance, all models without exception are extremely undemanding. It is enough to periodically wipe dirt from the surface of the appliance. A soft rag or a sponge moistened in a soap solution will do.

Pour detergents on neither storage nor flow-through water heaters are not allowed. Also, it is necessary to change/clean the coarse filter as needed.

With regard to maintenance, all requirements are clearly indicated by the manufacturer in the manual of the particular model. If it is a gas appliance, specialists from the relevant service will be sure to come to check it.

Electric models can be serviced yourself, if this option does not contradict the warranty conditions.

Some manufacturers provide that the installation, first start-up of the equipment, periodic maintenance and replacement of spare parts must be performed by a specialist of the dealer company.

All work performed, he is required to put a note in the warranty card, certifying his signature with the company seal. Otherwise the owner of the water heater loses the right to use the warranty card if the need arises.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Many homemakers neglect the warranty and perform all installation, further maintenance and repair works themselves. Such option is much cheaper for them than calling the specialists

Service of storage water heaters is most often suggested once a year. Do all the work yourself or invite authorized specialists - it depends on the manufacturer's recommendations. In many cases the manual maintenance is fraught with the loss of the warranty.

For the storage water heaters the following works shall be carried out annually:

  • Clean the heating element from scale;
  • remove sediments accumulated in the tank cavity;
  • estimate the condition of the magnesium anode and replace it if worn.

All works are carried out with the water heater turned off and disconnected from the mains. In some cases, if the water has a lot of impurities, it will be necessary to change the filter and descale more often. The magnesium anode may wear out faster.

You may be interested in the step-by-step instructions for replacing the heating element with your own hands discussed in our other article.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

Clean the inside of the storage heater as build up of plaque and limescale on the walls and on the heating element

If the storage unit is installed in the country house and nobody will use it in the cold season, you must take care of draining the water from the tank. Also, you must not forget to completely disconnect the unit from power before doing so.

Maintenance of flow-through water heater models is also performed as needed. The frequency of these operations will become clear during use.

When the water pressure has dropped noticeably and limescale has formed, the following elements must be cleaned:

  • the strainer or coarse filter installed on the water supply;
  • the aerator gasket installed in the tap hole;
  • the gasket installed in the shower head if the appliance has this element.

Clean the outside and remove the filters only when the water heater is switched off. Failure to remove the plug from the socket can result in an electric shock when removing the coarse filter.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

For boilers treating pre-cleaned water, it may be necessary to carry out maintenance work more rarely, once every 2 years

Ways to solve equipment problems

You may experience certain problems when operating flow and storage water heaters. Most often it is the appearance of an unpleasant odour and mould coming out of the tap together with the warm water.

This situation occurs when a low heating temperature of 40 degrees is set or the appliance has not been used for a long time. These are favorable conditions for the development and reproduction of mold and fungi.

In order to eliminate this problem and not to set the maximum heat, it is possible to select the economy mode, if this is provided for a particular model. The eco mode settings set the limit temperature for water heating at 50-55 degrees.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

It is important to use the correct boiler connection scheme recommended by the manufacturer

Secondly, you must not make a connection to the hot water piping. Depending on the specifications of the device, they are designed to work with water whose temperature ranges from 2 to 30 degrees.

This is the average range of acceptable values. A particular model may have its own limit values of flow water temperature, for example, from 5 to 20 degrees.

The third problem is when the running flow water heater stops running warm water. One of the reasons - problems with the pressure of incoming water.

Some models require a special low-pressure mixer. If it does not meet the technical capabilities of the device, a shutdown mechanism is triggered. The heater can resume operation only after the pressure is normalized.

Another reason is if the water supply through the water line is blocked. It is not difficult to solve this, it is necessary to resume the supply.

Fourth, the water can run too hot. This problem in models with automatic temperature control system indicates a breakdown and requires an urgent call to a specialist. The flow-through units have to increase the water flow at the inlet or clean the supply pipes.

How to use the water heater correctly: instructions for use

If the owner values the warranty service of an expensive device, then to eliminate any malfunction and annual maintenance you should call a specialist

The fifth problem is too cold water, not satisfactory to the water heater owner. In this case, storage units are likely to have a thermostat failure.

It will not be superfluous to check the set temperature mode, because someone in the family could change the minimum temperature of water heating.

In flow-through devices such problem may indicate problems with the power supply. The second option is to increase the heating power.

After the end of the service life provided by the manufacturer, you should not continue to use the equipment. It should be dismantled and disposed of.

If it is an electric model, it is better to cut the wire that connects to the mains. This measure will prevent accidental use by unauthorized persons.

Conclusion and useful video on the subject

A video clip on the operation of the flow-through appliance - water heater tap:

A visual video instruction on how to switch on the storage water heater:

A detailed video on the operation of the Thermex storage unit:

Step-by-step video on troubleshooting a broken storage water heater that does not leak, but it has stopped heating and no longer has a warning light on:

Video explanations of problems that arise during water heater operation and how to fix them:

Bought and installed water heater, it is important to properly operate it. Timely care and quality maintenance of flow and storage appliances will help extend their service life.

In order not to lose the warranty service, you should not violate the rules specified by the manufacturer in the instructions for the particular appliance.

You have bought a new water heater and are worried that you may inadvertently lose your warranty? Or are you worried about a nuance that is not addressed by the manufacturer in the owner's manual? Ask your questions in the comments below this article.

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