How To Choose An Infrared Heater: Classification Tips And Models

Interest around space heating with infrared devices does not subside: some consider them inefficient, others - the most comfortable and economical.

Before choosing an infrared heater, it is necessary to understand its technical characteristics and the nuances of installation, as well as to become familiar with the modern models presented in the market. It is these questions that our article is devoted to - here we will consider in detail the advantages of this type of heaters, we will highlight the main varieties present in the market.

We will also consider the best models from well-known manufacturers, which users have evaluated above others. In addition the article is supplied with thematic photos and videos with recommendations for choosing the best heater for your home or apartment.

Content of the article:

  • What are the good infrared heaters?
  • Classifications of infrared devices
    • Classification #1 - division by energy source
    • Classification #2 - distinction by mounting method
    • Classification #3 - varieties by
  • Recommendations for choosing the heater
  • Overview of popular models
    • Model #1 - DeLonghi HMP2000
    • Model #2 - Polaris PKSH 0608D
    • Model #3 - Teplophon ERG/EVNAP 1, 0
    • Model #4 - Ballu BIH-APL-0. 6
  • Conclusions and useful video on the topic

What are the good things about infrared heaters?

Unlike radiators and convectors, infrared devices have a completely different principle of operation. They do not heat the air they come into contact with first, but rather the objects to be heated by the infrared rays.

If there is a cabinet in the room opposite the heater, the vertical surfaces of this cabinet will be heated first, and then the air.

Why don't users prefer the traditional devices and just buy infrared devices?

The reviews show that infrared appliances for household use have a number of undeniable advantages:

  • no \"heat zone\" under the ceiling, typical of rooms with convective heating, because the heated air is evenly distributed throughout the room;
  • the possibility of local heating of a single area, such as the sofa in the living room or the dining table in the kitchen;
  • safety for furniture and other objects that are in the \"path\" of the infrared rays;
  • solving special problems-such as heating glazed structures (windows, doors, double glazed loggias) that in winter time are cooling and reduce the air temperature in the kitchen, living room or bedroom.

The infrared heaters on the market require no additional maintenance and are easy to operate. You just have to use a manual switch to turn it on.

There are many more expensive models with automatic controls. If a thermostat is installed, the heater will turn on or change the intensity of the heating when the room temperature needs to be raised/decreased.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

Infrared heaters competed with the more familiar oil radiators, which are usually used seasonally, during cold weather, as a reserve heat source

The devices are also marked as safe and environmentally friendly: during operation they emit no substances harmful for living beings and plants, and if properly installed, the radiation itself has only positive effect.

The disadvantages include the high cost of models with additional functions, the dependence of the heaters on installation errors and the bad feeling of some users. We have talked in more detail about the harms of infrared devices in this article.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

Electric models, which are the most common in homes, operate from 220 V mains and yet use much less energy than alternative oil radiators

Classifications of infrared devices

The division into groups is based on such parameters as length of heat waves, location and mounting method, power (energy source from which the infrared devices work). Before deciding which model of infrared heater to choose, it is necessary to get acquainted with all possible variants of devices.

Classification #1 - splitting by energy source

Depending on the type of power needed by the IR device, the following types of heaters are produced:

  • electric;
  • gas;
  • liquid (water);
  • diesel (kerosene).

They differ not only in the power source, but also in construction, characteristics and cost.

The most extensive group are the electric models. They can be divided into two subgroups: heat wave emitters and heat + light emitters.

The second subgroup includes devices with halogen, carbon or quartz lamps whose main heating element could be a carbon spiral, tungsten or nichrome filament.

There is also a classification according to the type of heating element, where lamp devices are classified in one group, solid-state (ceramic) devices in another, and film devices in a third. Some manufacturers classify the appliances on the basis of their model range.

For example, the Ballu series (S2, AP4, APL, LW, etc.) are arranged according to the place of installation and the specific purpose - whole room heating, an area outside, a separate object.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

Film infrared electric heating systems are good for ceiling or wall mounting - a large working area provides effective and even heating of a room (garage, porch, workshop)

Gas appliances were previously only used for heating industrial objects but now there are many household models. They are powered by gas cylinders of different volume (usually from 5 l to 50 l) and consume approx. 300-350 g of fuel per hour.

Safety is achieved by safety valves, which trip if the gas supply is cut off or if the concentration of CO2 in the air reaches more than one and a half percent.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

A sample portable gas-powered device is the Kovea (Fire Ball Series) travel model with piezo ignition, which can be used for heating and warming food

Diesel heaters are used where there is no electricity connection or gas cylinder use. Mobile models can be taken to the country house or to the garage in the same way.

There are special camping versions for tents. They are efficient and economical as they require little fuel.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

Unlike diesel heat guns, infrared models do not release combustion products and therefore do not burn oxygen in a confined space

There is also such a variety as infrared heaters with hot water supply. They are connected to the heating system and provide heating to the lower part of the rooms. A good example is the FRICO Aquaztrip AZB, designed specifically for energy saving in industrial and office buildings.

A prime example of a floor standing electric infrared heater, ideal for local heating of offices or homes, is the Scarlett SC-253.

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The universal device has two mounting options - wall-mounted (on brackets) and floor-mounted (on a stand). The floor standing version is suitable if the installation location has to be changed

The heater is designed to cover a room of up to 18m². The maximum output is 1.8 kW.

The housing is assembled from metal and plastic heat-resistant parts, inside there is a heating element - a quartz lamp

For the floor installation there is a special stand - tripod, height and slope of which can be adjusted by means of the fastener,

To protect against accidental burns, the cabinet is equipped with a curved metal grill, behind which the heating element is located

To increase or decrease the intensity of heating, just turn the knob, located on the end of the cabinet, right of the protective grid

The rack, which is the support for the heater,

After plugging the heater in the room the temperature changes relatively fast - about 5 degrees in half an hour


Features of the infrared unit installation

Main technical characteristics of the Appliance specifications

What the heater body is made of

How the heater is attached to the tripod

Metal grill on the body

How the power adjustment

Is the floor unit reliable

How quickly the room heats up when turned on

The cost of the Scarlett SC- 253 at various points of sale - from 2,400 to 2,700 rubles. ,

Classification #2 - Installation method

Fitting method can be divided into 2 categories:

  • stationary (ceiling, wall-mounted, skirting board, wall-mounted);
  • mobile (indoor and outdoor).

The first type is suitable for users who regularly need to heat a whole room or an individual zone. The shape and size of the devices depend entirely on where they are installed. For example, ceiling models are most often elongated and wall models are rectangular or square.

In addition to conventional hinged heaters, there are also recessed models that can be placed in a suspended ceiling or shelf.

Floor models usually have stands or legs, some have a handle for easy carrying to another location. The mobile versions are smaller in size, although there are exceptions, and lighter in weight - everything is provided for easy transportation. They are also not very powerful, but they are suitable for local heating.

Popular models according to place of installation:

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Electric ceiling mounted IR heater

Wall mounted electric IR wall-mounted heater

Floor model for room heating

Local outdoor IR heater

Heaters Heaters designed for heating limited areas outdoors (outdoor patio) cannot be used indoors, and especially not in dwellings. Modern outdoor models, like their indoor counterparts, are equipped with safety devices: they switch off automatically if the flame goes out.

Classification #3 - varieties by radiation range

Experienced users of infrared equipment are well aware that they may also differ by wavelength. This parameter determines the power of the device and some more technical details.

There are three groups of infrared heaters, distinguished by their wave length:

  • with short waves;
  • with medium waves;
  • with long waves.

The first type of devices can be recognized at the moment of inclusion thanks to the wave range from 0.5 µm to 3.0 µm. The heating elements are halogen or carbon lamps, which give bright radiation and can be heated to +900°C.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

High powered shortwave IR heaters are not used in the home but in workshops, hangars, warehouses or outside as they burn up oxygen and use large amounts of electricity

Mid-wave devices are heated to around +550-600 °C and have a wave length of 45-50 µm. Barely noticeable light is catchable, but with difficulty. Long-wavelength models are devices designed for use in the home. They heat up to a maximum of +300° C over 50 µm, i.e. the waves are practically invisible.

How to choose a heater

Before you buy, you must decide: which infrared heater model is the best to choose for your own use? If you are attracted by the variant of the infrared carbon device, we recommend to read the varieties and tips for choosing a carbon model.

And you must also determine where exactly the device will be installed, whether it is necessary to transfer it to another room, what heating area should be expected, what power source is preferred for it.

The power is calculated in the standard way: 1 kW per 10 m², i.e. for heating one room no more than 2 kW will be required.

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Heaters for outdoor or patio

Fixtures for kitchen or children

Mobile devices Heating

IQ equipment for garage

One of the indicators of \"longevity\" of home heaters is durable materials and good build quality. Sometimes even by eye you can judge how reliable and functional the thing is.

If there are no nicks, chips and scratches on the body, all parts fit exactly, the grid is not deformed, adjustment is free - the product is of decent quality.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

If unusual design is the main focus, the wall-mounted electric models. Some are made so artfully that it is difficult to distinguish them from paintings or graphic works

Beware of the cheapest models. Even if you are happy with the appearance, you should look for a catch - it may be due to poor quality materials or the absence of any protection. Safety of the heater - one of the main criteria, for which you can overpay.

If the price is higher than usual, then the device is equipped with additional devices that can be useful. For example, a thermostat to control the temperature, an overheating sensor or a remote control.

Overview of popular models

Upgrade a model according to the following criteria:

  • functional details;
  • fittings;
  • fitting;
  • price;
  • power consumption;
  • power, etc.

As a result, the best models have been selected that combine high quality workmanship and positive performance characteristics.

Model #1 - DeLonghi HMP2000

A universal device that can be mounted both on the floor and on a vertical surface. There are wall mounts for wall mounting.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

The HMP2000 series infrared unit has a 2 kW output and is suitable for heating a room up to 24 m². The metal case is an additional guarantee for the service life claimed by the manufacturer

Floor models are equipped with small wheels for moving around the apartment. The power is adjusted mechanically by means of a knob on the housing. The heater costs 4.5 thousand rubles.

Model #2 - Polaris PKSH 0608D

Two-mode carbon heater is convenient for home use. Adjusting the power from 400 to 800 watts allows you to set the unit to a comfortable operating mode. It is possible to swivel the cabinet, which is upright, by 70 degrees.

In case of accidental tipping, the automation triggers and shuts off the power supply. An electronic thermostat and remote control make the model even easier to operate. The heater costs 3,250 rubles.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

The sleek design of the floor heater makes it easy to fit almost any interior. Its relatively small dimensions and elongated casing means that it takes up minimal space even in a modest apartment

Model #3 - Teplophon ERG/EVNAP 1.0

The Teplophon Binar model efficiently heats areas up to 12 m2 and has a 1 kW output. The secret of its popularity lies in its dual principle of room heating: it can heat by convection and by means of an infrared glass panel.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

A display panel on the top of the housing is provided for comfortable control of the heater. With the buttons you can set the desired output and the desired temperature

The wall-mounted unit can be installed on the floor if you wish - there are special feet for this. The unusual design, the glossy glass panel and the convenient way of adjustment made the model popular, despite its high price - 6,300 rubles.

Model #4 - Ballu BIH-APL-0.6

Budget wall model has an affordable price - 2,500 rubles and 600 W power, which is enough to heat 6m² of area. If you need to heat a larger space, several devices should be installed at regular intervals.

How to choose an infrared heater: classification tips and models

Light, compact and stylish heater is easy to mount under the ceiling with your own hands. Despite its small size, it is very efficient

Heater is supplied with a bracket which can also be used for wall mounting if desired. The low weight, modest price and simple execution have made the model popular for office equipment.

Manufacturers from different continents produce lines of quality infrared equipment that differ in power and installation method. Among the well-known brands are Hyundai, IRIT, Loriot, Neoclima, Rovex, Royal Clima, Scarlett, SUPRA, Timberk, Vitesse, Zencha, ZENET, Zilon.

If you like the principle of action and efficiency of infrared devices, you can use them to set up IR heating in your home or assemble and connect a warm floor.

We wrote more about these features in the following articles:

  • Infrared heating of a private house: review of modern infrared heating systems
  • Infrared film for underfloor heating: types of films, how it works, rules for laying
  • Infrared carbon fiber floor heating: principle of operation and installation rules

Conclusions and useful videos on the subject

In order to add more information about infrared devices and to better understand their performance, we suggest watching useful videos.

The author of the following video gives the following video recommendations for choosing the best infrared heater for your apartment or house:

If you have chosen the infrared model among all heaters, carefully check its characteristics. It is a good idea to make a calculation of heat losses in the rooms and decide in advance on the capacity. Find out if the chosen equipment can be a complete heating device or will play the role of a backup / additional / local device. Maybe you still have questions after reading the article? Or would you like to tell other site visitors about your experience with infrared heater? Write your questions and recommendations in the block under this article, express your opinion, share your experience with newcomers in this matter.

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