Manufacturers offer a variety of carbon heaters. Agree, the variety of equipment in terms of appearance, power, cost and other characteristics can easily confuse the unsophisticated buyer.
We will help you to understand the range of proposals. Before you choose a carbon heater, you need to understand the principle of its construction and operation, as well as compare the features of operation of different models.
Content of the article:
- Carbon heating element construction
- Carbon device design and operation
- Stypes of carbon heaters
- Characteristics of wall-mounted devices
- Carbon ceiling devices
- Features of floor heaters
- Flat or film type systems
- Can such heater be built by yourself?
- Tips for choosing a carbon heater
- Conclusions and a useful video on the subject
Carbon heating element construction
The consumer's wish to buy a heating device that does not dry out the air, heats well and uses a minimum amount of energy is doable. A carbon heater, which is a type of infrared heater, can fulfill these requirements. It is based on a carbon heating element.
Carbon is the carbon from which the threads that serve as the base of the heater are made. They are twisted into a spiral placed in a vacuum tube of tempered glass. The thickness of the spiral depends on the power of the appliance - the higher the power, the denser and longer the carbon filament will be.
Carbon fiber filaments are the base of the carbon heater. They are tightly woven together to form a kind of ribbon twisted into a spiral
This type of heater is capable of producing infrared rays of 1800-2400 nanometers, while having a negative temperature coefficient. This means it will need less electricity as the temperature increases.
The carbon filaments that make up the heater's coil have different lengths. The thickness of the coil and the repetition rate of the sections depends on the intended power of the appliance
The carbon fiber coil, enclosed in a vacuum tube, does not burn out when heated. This is a big advantage over tungsten heating elements.
This feature allows the heater to be used for a long time if the rules for the use of the carbon filament are followed.
Design and operation of the carbon filament heater
The appliances that function by heating the carbon filament differ in their performance, appearance, material of manufacture. Common is the construction of the devices.
The basis is a tube with carbon filaments twisted into a spiral. This is the heating element. Depending on the power of the device and its model there can be two, three or more such tubes.
Carbon heating element vacuum tubes have different shapes which depend on the manufacturer. What they have in common are the constituent components - carbon filaments enclosed in an airless environment of a glass case
The carbon heater is enclosed in a reflector housing of anodized aluminum. For the sake of safety, the tube is shielded from the outside world by a grid.
Depending on the model, the device may have a remote control, a stand with rotation function, an integrated temperature sensor controlled by a rotary knob.
After switching the device on, an electric current flows through the carbon filaments, heating them. A long wave of infrared radiation is produced, freely penetrating through the glass. There is no harm from it, because \"carbone\" - \"carbon\" is essentially the same as coal.
The main feature of radiated heat is that it heats objects in the field of action. The air in contact with the appliance and the objects begins to heat already from the objects that have received their portion of heat.
The heat radiated by the carbon heater is not used to heat the air. It is specifically used to heat objects in the work area. Only then do the heated objects share the heat with the surrounding air (+)
Infrared rays, reaching the surface of objects and the human body, heat up to a depth of 2.5 cm. Heating occurs on one side, from the heater.
The working area depends on the wattage of the device. On average, 100 W can spread heat over an area of 1 m2. But this depends very much on the model of the device - some manufacturers guarantee a heating surface area of 20m at 900W.
Carbon fibre ribbons are safely insulated in a vacuum environment. This allows complete protection. No foreign objects interfere with the heating element
The heating element is the most reliable part of the device. The tough carbon filaments that make up the carbon spiral can last 100,000 hours or more.
The only problem is the vacuum quartz tube. Although tempered glass is used, the risk of damage is quite high. It is the glass that is considered the most vulnerable part of the device and the main drawback.
On the other hand, the woven hydrocarbon threads, securely sealed in the vacuum tank, are shielded from outside influence - micro particles of dust, water droplets, accidental ingress of foreign objects.
varieties of carbon heaters
A variety of shapes, dimensions, weight, power and cost are typical of infrared carbon heaters. These characteristics are determined by the specifics of the particular model. The main criterion for classifying carbon heaters is the way they can be installed or mounted.
All heaters of this type can be divided into the following groups:
Flat film type devices that also use carbon as a heating element can be divided into a separate group. They can be mounted on the wall, ceiling or floor.
Makers of heating equipment offer a variety of options. The most mobile and compact of the low ones are the floor models. They can be placed in any room of your house, because the operation of the devices is not tied to a specific location
Each of these groups speaks for itself - the way they are mounted or installed is radically different. This has a direct influence on their efficiency and where they can be used.
Carbon type heaters can be installed in an apartment, in a country house, in a private house, in a car, in the summer grounds of a cafe, in industrial premises with high ceilings, in an office.
If you place the heater outside, you should consider that the heating area in this case will be 2-2.5 times smaller than inside the building.
Stationary installed IR heater
Operation of stationary heaters
Characteristics of wall mounted devices
The main advantage of wall mounted models of carbon heaters is the saving of living space. Due to the fact that the heater has special mountings for mounting on the wall, it can be placed even in a small apartment without any damage to the inhabitants.
When every centimeter of the room is important, a wall construction will be the most reasonable heating device.
The wall infrared heater is able not only to heat the apartment inhabitants but also to blend in unobtrusively into the interior. By choosing the most successful model of the device, you can thus add a kind of highlight to the design of the room
There are no peculiarities in the construction of a wall heater. You can install it yourself without the help of specialists. The fasteners provided by the manufacturer are reliable. They are able to withstand the device, which has such a small weight - up to 4 kg.
The cost of the wall model depends largely on the popularity of the manufacturer and its reputation on the market.
The price is also directly affected by the device power, the warranty period, additional functions and features provided by the developers of the device.
Picture type infrared heaters
Design specificity of picture heaters picture heaters
The use of devices with a decorative surface
Mobility of heaters due to their lightness
For the proper installation of a wall heater it is necessary to determine what objects should be in its working area. It is advisable to mount the appliance so that it has the maximum viewing angle.
If you choose an unfortunate location, you will have to re-hang it. For such models it is important to have a remote control included.
The main disadvantage of the wall-mounted carbon units is the difficulty of maintenance - to wipe the dust you still need to get to it. The second is the higher cost compared to the floor versions.
This is due to the obligatory functions of adjusting the temperature mode and power of the device through the remote control.
The infrared device placed high overhead will be at a safe distance from small children. Of course, you will have to make an effort to wipe the dust off it
On the other hand, the mounting location above the head is considered by some consumers to be one of the advantages. Wall and ceiling models are very popular among families with children. It is convenient that the device is out of the child's reach.
Carbon ceiling units
Carbon heaters can be installed on the ceiling. Manufacturers offer a variety of models that you can safely integrate into any interior without damaging it. There are variants that are mounted in a suspended ceiling structure.
Before installing the ceiling carbon heaters, it is important to correctly calculate the required power and choose their installation locations. These options are most often used for heating industrial premises with high ceilings. Here, high-power models with more than one heating element are suitable.
Small devices 800-2500 W are installed as additional heating equipment in country houses. It is very convenient - literally 10 seconds after switching it on it starts working, warming up chilled guests and the pieces of furniture on which they have settled.
The ceiling models are easy to install and look decent. They can be used not only for the home, but also for heating visitors to cafes and restaurants
When using ceiling heaters, do not place too close to objects, appliances with plastic housing, fabrics. Plastic can cause an unpleasant odor due to excessive heating.
A ceiling heater equipped with a timer and thermostat is able to maintain a comfortable temperature mode once set by the user. Also, there are models capable of memorizing several temperature settings.
Carbon ceiling heater can be installed directly into a suspended ceiling structure. It all depends on the model. There are variants that completely match the color of the ceiling material
Carbon ceiling heaters do not dry the air since the heating element is not in direct contact with the air. So you do not have to worry about extra humidification in rooms with these heaters.
Peculiarities of floor heaters
The most common models of carbon heaters are floor heaters. They come in a variety of sizes and shapes - it all depends on the designer's imagination. Their main advantage is mobility and low weight. Such a device can be loaded into a car and taken with you to the cottage.
Floor heaters by appearance are divided into horizontal and vertical. Depending on their capabilities, there are stationary units and rotary units. The swivel angle depends on individual features - from 90° to 180°.
This feature has appealed to a large number of customers. Also, models with remote control are in particular demand, despite the higher cost.
Floor designs of carbon heaters feature the ability to rotate the working surface to the desired direction without moving the device itself. The function is provided by swiveling mechanisms
The ease of use of floor units speaks for itself - put it on and you can turn it on. No installation is necessary. The variety of forms allows you to choose the best variant for your dwelling in harmony with the interior.
Carbon heater creates a special cosy atmosphere in the room as if a fireplace was used for heating.
Floor type appliances should be placed strictly on horizontal surfaces. Moreover, the heater must be placed horizontally on a hard surface to avoid accidental falling
For safety reasons, the carbon floor type heaters are equipped with an automatic shut-off function. This is triggered when the temperature exceeds the allowable temperature or when the appliance is knocked over. If the heater is accidentally dropped by the owner, an automatic relay will turn the unit off.
To maintain a comfortable temperature regime without human involvement, you can use a thermostat for the outlet when connecting the heater.
Flat or film type systems
Film type devices based on carbon fibers laid parallel to each other can be called one of the varieties of carbon heaters. It is possible to install these films with your own hands.
This requires carefully calculating the required heating area, carefully cutting the film without damaging the strips with the heating element.
When installing a film heater yourself, you must carefully measure the area to install it, then carefully cut the required film size, taking care not to damage the heating strips. Otherwise, the damaged piece will have to be replaced in its entirety
When installing the infrared film, it is important that the sections do not overlap each other. No furniture should be placed in their locations. Such an insulation system perfectly copes with the function of heating the loggia or a separate section of the room.
The efficiency of the devices is quite high - because the heat generated is not wasted, it is directed at objects.
Installation of heating carbon films is possible on the ceiling, wall or floor. Manufacturers offer improved versions of film-type devices, designed in the form of pictures. A decorative finish is applied to the plasterboard frame. The main condition is that there should be no metal parts in such decoration
Can such a heater be built by yourself?
The self-made device, functioning on the principle of carbon film, can be constructed by your own forces from improvised materials. When doing this work it is important to dry all the workpieces well, check the power so that it is safe to plug in and pay special attention to the insulation.
According to masters, the heater assembled with your own hands is not inferior in operation to the purchased counterparts.
- Epoxy glue;
- Copper terminals;
- Wire with a plug for the mains;
- Graphite powder;
- 2 sheets of laminated paper.
To make the graphite wire you mix the epoxy glue with the graphite powder. Stir the mixture carefully - this is what will serve as the heating element.
Graphite powder can be crumbled yourself by finding a suitable unnecessary material
The obtained conductor must be applied to the prepared sheet in a zigzag pattern. Then you have to glue the plastic sheets together by attaching the copper terminals on different sides to the conductor.
You can also connect a thermostat to help regulate the temperature once the heater is assembled.
This hand made device is easy to use. It does not require any special parts that are impossible to obtain. It is important to insulate everything well and be sure to test the capabilities of the home-built device
With everything carefully fastened, leave the workpiece to dry completely. All contacts, wires and current carrying parts should be insulated well. After drying, be sure to measure the resistance of the device and calculate its power. Without these tests it is strictly forbidden to plug the device into the mains.
Tips for choosing a carbon heater
The carbon heater is one of the safe devices capable of a long life. Of course, if used properly.
It does not burn oxygen, does not reduce the level of humidity in the room, is safe for children, and does not emit any harmful gases, vapors, or toxic substances.
Options - Induction heater selection guide
Safety systems for floor heaters
Function for period and mode adjustment
Control panel for ceiling and wall systems
The safety of the carbon heaters has been proven by their successful use since the beginning of 2000. More than 15 years of practical use of the carbon heater prove that it is not harmful to health. Read more about myths about infrared heaters in this article.
For the home, many consumers prefer to buy a floor heater model. Also, choose that it has turning, power adjustment, automatic shutoff, overturning protection
For the use of carbon heaters to bring only positive emotions, it is necessary to choose the right model to suit the particular consumer.
When choosing, it is important to take into account several specifics:
- Where the heater will be used in your house, apartment, office or other type of premises;
- the space to be heated;
- the type of device best suited for your situation;
- the power needed;
- with additional functions and possibilities;
- the size of the budget available for purchase.
Buyers who appreciate the recognition and reputation of the equipment manufacturer will have a somewhat higher price tag - there is a premium for the brand name.
In office premises, ceiling and wall models are chosen. This design allows for an optimum temperature environment for good staff performance
The following devices are the most popular among manufacturers of carbon heaters:
- German models Zenet;
- French Noirot Royat; Turkish
- TurkishUFO, Maximus, Sinbo;
- Chinese Polaris;
- Russian BiLux.
The capacity of the devices, their design and the heated area depend on the model and manufacturer. Also, the warranty period of the heaters varies from 12 months to 6 years. It all depends on the manufacturer.
Different brands with the same power are able to heat different areas. This fact should be taken into account when choosing the appropriate model and carefully study the accompanying documentation of the model you like.
With regard to the price, traditionally the cheapest versions are offered by Chinese firms. There are a lot of them and most of them are not of high quality. Therefore, buyers prefer to buy devices from well-known manufacturers.
One of the reliable brands of heaters manufactured in the Celestial Empire are devices Polaris. They are very reliable among buyers.
Heater should be placed 1 meter away from the furniture. If there is not enough space in the room to properly install the heater, it is better to choose a model with a wall or ceiling mount
Which company to choose is up to each buyer. The main thing is that the heater must meet all the requirements you have for it.
The most popular models are remote controlled, equipped with a swivel mechanism and a timer. Users prefer the comfort, even if it means overpaying a little.
What is interesting is that many buyers of carbon heaters talk about the beneficial effects of the infrared rays generated in the process. This refers to improving blood circulation, easing the course of colds and joint ailments. It is important to use the heater correctly, so as not to harm yourself.
If you are still undecided about choosing a home heater, then read the article - Which heater is best for home and apartment: comparative review of units
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Video instruction on using a carbon heater:
Infrared film installation video:
Carbon heaters that emit infrared rays are able to warm furniture and people in the area qualitatively. They are very economical in the use of electrical energy, transfer the heat to the surrounding objects, without wasting it on heating the air.
The service life of a carbon heating element is more than 100 000 hours of quality work. The main thing is to choose the right model, taking into account the features of your room and personal preferences.
Are you looking for an efficient infrared heater? Or have experience using carbon units? Please leave comments on the article and share your impressions about the use of such heaters.