Height Of Sockets And Switches From The Floor According To European Standards: The Correct Distance

Positioning of power points, height of outlets and switches is a serious matter that requires planning, drawing diagrams, calculating their number for each room.

If you plan ahead, you will not have to unroll an extension cord, trip over a wire and plug everything in it thus overloading the socket or even the mains.

Our material will help you determine the optimal number of electrical fittings and the correct location. We also tell you about all the details of placing and installing electrical outlets in an apartment or a house.

To read:

  • Planning and installation of switches and sockets
    • Laws and technical regulations
    • Rules for placing switches
    • Benefits and drawbacks of Soviet and Euro standards
  • Specialities of installation of switches and sockets
    • #1. Peculiarities of placement in the corridor
    • #2. Location of electrical outlets in the bathroom
    • #3. Specifics of installation in the living room
    • #4. Rules of placement in the kitchen
    • #5. Nuances of placement in the bedroom
    • #6. Proper planning of power points in the nursery
    • #7. Subtleties for the study
  • Lighting points positioning
  • Tips for placing
  • Conclusion and useful video on the subject

Planning and installation of switches and sockets

It is estimated that every person uses about six different electric appliances in a day. And the number is increasing all the time. New devices and gadgets are appearing, without which it is hard to imagine life.

Equipment is filling our homes, but the number of outlets remains unchanged. Instances of people running around the house or office in panic, looking for a free socket to charge their smartphone, are becoming more and more frequent. And what happens as a result? Having to disconnect the printer or anything else.

Avoiding such situations is not difficult, you only need to know how you can properly position the connectors. Then you can get the most comfortable use out of them.

The following selection gives advice and nuances on the positioning of the electric fittings:

Image gallery

Pictures of

Comfortable arrangement of the electrical fittings

Horizontal orientation of the electrical installation unit

Necessary distance from probable water

Location limits regarding the gas line

Socket block with a switch near the desk

Cord operated switches

Floor mounted switch in front door

Table mounted portable switch

To avoid cosmetic repairs when installing or relocating switches and outlets, you must take time to plan. For example, when ordering a project from an interior designer, be sure to include in the application the exact number of mains sockets and switches, as well as their location.

Since the interior designer may not know that you prefer to work at your laptop on the couch. Approval of the project is the point up to which all the wishes are accepted and the changes in the project are made.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

Make a scheme and preliminary design before you start the work on plotting walls, placing electrical wiring and installing switches and outlets

When you plan the interior on your own, it is important to understand the purpose of the room and its design. The location of the furniture is also taken into consideration, as a socket behind a closet is a useless thing. What if you like to rearrange all the furniture in the room every half year? It turns out that the calculation of the number of switches and outlets is done only after the design.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

There are no precise recommendations and strict rules for the location of electrical points. There are recommendations from the building code, which it is advisable to follow, but with consideration of the real situation

Laws and technical regulations

Building regulations that strictly regulate the number and position of mains sockets and switches in the house are not prescribed by law. But there is a document called \"Code of Rules for Design and Construction\" or SP 31-110-2003, which prescribes recommendations for the location of circuit breakers and power outlets.

The former are positioned on the door handle side at a height of up to 1000 mm and the latter at a convenient location but at the same height. Only common sense and your own choice should guide you.

Rules for positioning switches

The switch for the main light is usually placed near the doorway at a height of 750-900 mm. The height should be based on the average height of all adults in the family. As a result, everyone should be able to comfortably press the light switch without raising their hands up.

The height of 800 mm is a relative benchmark for everyone. The switch should be positioned so that when the door is closed, it is on the handle side, not the other way around. Then when you open it, the door will not block it. Also, do not block access to the switch with different furniture and cabinets.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

Eurostandard installation of outlets and switches has established itself in society as a convenient and safe way to place appliances for the whole family. The point can be reached by hand without problems and repairs or replacements can be made without undue muscle tension

Power points for light fixtures in the bathroom, restroom and pantry should be mounted in the hallway. For living rooms, kitchens and the corridor itself, the correct location is within the rooms themselves.

Electrical fixtures for controlling auxiliary or decorative lighting shall be installed in a convenient location, but with regard to design.

Benefits and disadvantages of Soviet and Euro standards

The old \"Soviet\" method of arranging electrical points has such strengths:

  • more people in the CIS countries find this option more convenient, respectively, when there is demand, you can find a great offer;
  • the switch is almost at eye level;
  • you can install furniture under it and it will not obstruct the switch;
  • the safest option for children;
  • the socket location will allow you to comfortably connect an electrical appliance, without prior \"bows\".

But if the device plugged into such a socket will always stand in one place, this method looks less attractive.

Although \"Euro standard\" is:

  • high ergonomic design, pleasant and unencumbered;
  • dimming lights \"blind\" or with the hand down;
  • maximum \"invisibility\" from public view.

But this variant requires additional protection against children as well as the necessity to bend down for connecting the devices. Installing additional furniture will in any case block the wall mounted device.

The pros and cons of European standards for the positioning of switches and sockets are shown in the gallery:

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Photo of

Eurostandard location of switches

The location of all types of household outlets

Disadvantages of the European standards

Tips for choosing the best location for an electrical installation

Pecific details of switches and sockets

The height of sockets from the floor is a matter of much discussion. Since there is no precise definition, you can use such terms as \"Eurostandard\" or \"Soviet standard\". When an apartment is planned \"Euro-remodeling\", most likely the sockets will be placed at 300 mm from the floor, but the switches - at 900 mm.

According to the \"Soviet standard\" the switch would be installed at shoulder level - which is about 1600 mm, and the outlet is also much higher - at 900 mm from the floor.

Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. Let's briefly consider them.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

The Soviet standard of installing switches and outlets still holds a leading position in society, as these layouts are still in demand in the market

#1. Features of placement in the hallway

For the hallway, 1-2 outlets are enough. It is better to put them in a corner near the skirting at about 15-20 cm from the floor. This will allow you to plug in various household appliances, such as a vacuum cleaner, an electric shoe dryer or a phone charger.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

Lighting and power extraction points in the corridor are placed so that it is convenient to use when leaving/entering the house, to connect infrequently used appliances

Besides this, other devices will fit perfectly in the corridor.

These include:

  • apartment switchboard with circuit breakers;
  • voltage stabilizer;
  • electric meter, although there is a separate place for apartments in the stairwell, it can also be installed in the hallway;
  • Switches for the kitchen, bath and WC;
  • Junction box for TV, Ethernet or telephone;

In most cases this is enough, but sometimes a floor heating sensor is also installed in the hallway.

#2. Location of electric points in the bathroom

The number of electric outlets in the bathroom will certainly depend on the area and the number of appliances, but in 95% of cases 1-2 outlets will be enough. The first one should be close to the mirror and at 1000 mm above the floor. It will connect the hair dryer and electric razor. To the second, for example, is connected washing machine or heater. In that case not less than 600 mm from the floor for the machine, and 1500 mm for the boiler.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

There are no rules prohibiting the use of electrical outlets in the bathroom despite the fact that the room is considered dangerous as regards electrocution

It goes without saying that it is strongly prohibited to install both sockets close to the water tank, therefore there must be a distance of over 600 mm or better 1000 mm between bathroom and sink. It is mandatory to worry about moisture protection, install a moisture-proof socket.

Don't forget that the products may be exposed to even greater danger. Since the bathroom is at risk of flooding, it is completely unsafe to mount products below 150 mm from the floor. If water gets into the socket, the threat to life is enormous.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

The optimum height for mounting sockets in the bathroom is selected based on convenience of use and minimizing contact with water

The reasons for this can be various situations, from a leaky tap or pipe, to breakage of household appliances or forgetfulness of the owners.

#3 Specifics of installation in the living room

Home theater or simple TV box will require a separate outlet, or better yet two. One for the TV receiver itself and one for the satellite receiver. The height level should be determined based on the location of the TV itself. It can stand on a pedestal, be wall-mounted or fit into a special compartment of a furniture wall.

The power cable must not hang down or be under tension. It should be completely hidden behind the screen.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

The living room in a small apartment may be visually divided into two separate zones: The space by the desk and the lounge on the sofa in front of the TV

Two additional sockets should be placed on each wall at 150-300mm from the floor. There you may connect a floor lamp, fan, chargers for gadgets, games console, vacuum cleaner

We should think about a possibility to connect the air conditioner easily.

If you have a PC in the living room, you should also think about a separate power supply for it. Read here how to connect it.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

Power sockets and switches should be placed so that they are hidden from view if possible

#4. Rules of arrangement in the kitchen

Every year more and more clever appliances are developed for human comfort and time expenditure. Naturally, the number of appliances, and therefore the number of outlets in the kitchen in some places is just off the charts. It is necessary to have a stove hood, possibly a washing machine, a dishwasher, an electric stove, etc.

But the main thing is the refrigerator, a microwave oven or a multicooker, sometimes both. Mixer, juicer, combine, toaster, blender, coffee maker and TV - the list is probably endless.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

Installing electrical outlets in the kitchen furniture is a convenient way to make the absence of these appliances visible and increase comfort (+)

The refrigerator is usually installed at 600-800 mm. For the hood it is advisable to triple the height - 1800-2000 mm from the floor.

When connecting an electric stove the socket must be mounted 200-300 mm from the floor. In addition, you may cut an opening in the back wall of the kitchen furniture if you have one.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

A separate socket independent from the general power line is provided for high power consumers in the kitchen

Asking the place of the future worktop, you should provide sockets there too. It is advisable to place at least three sockets 100-200 mm above the worktop to connect small appliances.

The television in the kitchen is often mounted on wall brackets, correspondingly the height of the socket for this household appliance may be 1800 to 2000 mm from the floor.

#5. The nuances of placement in the bedroom

In this room, four products, two outlets on each side of the bed, will suffice. They will be for a bedside floor lamp, an electronic clock or additional devices such as an air conditioner, fan or vacuum cleaner. Next to the dresser with the mirror it is also advisable to install one socket 600-700mm from the floor to connect a hair dryer or a hair iron.

If there will be a TV or PC in the room, you should also think about where to hide the wires and how to place the connectors of the electrical network.

#6. Proper power point planning in the nursery

The children's room is usually a combination of bedroom and play space. This room is also not without power outlets. It is desirable that there were at least 2-3. A lamp may be placed near the crib and the others for additional purposes.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

Modern technology allows to emphasize the visual component while not forgetting the safety of children, eliminating the chance of getting fingers inside

Many experts warn that the plugs should be mounted as high away from small children as possible. In this, they were right some years ago.

Modern developments have made it possible to equip products with additional protective covers that prevent a child from coming into contact with the power grid. Such valves often require considerable effort to gain access to the plug holes. Spontaneous childish curiosity will be stopped.

#7. Subtleties of Workroom Installation

This room is not much different from the living room in the layout of connectors. At least 5-6 appliances will be needed to connect a PC - system unit, screen, audio speakers, scanner, and desk lamp. Near the shelves for books, there should be a place for reading.

Installation of a lamp and a comfortable chair should be part of the project plan, and this is another auxiliary connector. The other two appliances are placed on an unoccupied wall. Each connector is mounted 150-300 mm above the floor.

There are two options for connecting the air conditioner. Directly through a circuit breaker or through a socket. In the first case there will be no hanging cords, but you should choose a quality automatic unit, on which the functioning of the device will depend. In the second case, the socket must be placed at 300 mm from the ceiling.

Positioning of lighting points

The lighting control points in the house are divided into three main groups:

  1. These are the classic switches - these are devices of various types, often with one or two keys. Thanks to the three-way switch, it is possible to use three different groups of lighting fixtures at the same time.
  2. In this group, switches are used to control several light sources in various places.
  3. In this group, devices in which lighting control mechanisms are already integrated into the lighting instruments are included. These include table lamps and floor lamps/

In an apartment, almost all rooms are equipped with one- or two-key switches, which is considered justified and most importantly comfortable.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

In the general lighting category are often lamps placed under the ceiling that give an even, diffused light

For example, in the bathroom, a lamp above the mirror may be an additional light source. But the adjustment for such a device is made with a built-in switch

A bedroom has its own, unique switch system. It allows you to adjust the light source simultaneously from different places. Take the convenience as an example.

Height of sockets and switches from the floor according to European standards: the correct distance

Every bed should be equipped with a lamp as a night light on a table, bedside table, wall sconce or floor lamp

Every time you have to get up from the bed when you want to turn the light on or off as the switches are quite far away from the bed. The solution is obvious. Three switches are installed in the room at once. One at the exit of the room, and the other two on either side of the bed. As a result, adjusting the lighting in the bedroom is very easy, and access to the switches will be at hand.

Tips from placement experts

Where and how to place switches and outlets should be determined only on the basis of safety and, of course, comfort. Today, there are no prescribed standards specifying where to place the mains plugs and switches. Especially the number of them in a single room.

Planning is the stage of calculating the number of mechanisms that a person will use on a regular basis, regardless of the room. Plus another 1-2 outlets on top for additional devices. The most stringent requirements are imposed only on the masters who carry out the installation of electrical devices in the apartment. Such people must be specialists with good experience.

But if it was decided to carry out all the work yourself, you must familiarize yourself with all kinds of electrical equipment. As the range of products is very wide, it means that it is possible to find equipment for every need.

It could be an audio socket allowing the connection of a loudspeaker, a music center or a socket for a fixed telephone as well as an Ethernet cable socket.

The height of the installation determines the comfort of the home, its security, its landscaping and its beauty.

Conclusions and useful videos on the topic

The subtleties of installing outlets and switches in the kitchen are demonstrated in the videos below.

How high should the outlets and switches be placed in the apartment?

Positioning outlets in the kitchen.

Where to place switches and outlets in harmony.

Suitable height for mounting outlets and switches.

Before you get started, remember that electricity is not a toy. It requires perfect workmanship. Installation of outlets and equipment in the kitchen, bathroom and hallway should preferably be entrusted to a professional electrician who has specialized permits to perform electrical work.

Any questions on the subject of the article or do you have recommendations for calculating and installing electrical outlets in the room? Please leave your suggestions in the comments under the article.


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