Do you know the problems most often faced by a landlord in an apartment building? It is not only the poor quality of heating, but also the regular increase in the cost of public utilities.
It is also depressing to have to humbly wait for the beginning of the heating season, when you already have a tremor of unbearable cold. By installing gas heating in the apartment, these problems will be a thing of the past.
The main fears of apartment owners are based on the need for legal permission for an individual heating system and the high cost of implementing this idea. In most cases, people who have already installed it believe that there is no need to regret the money invested. After all, all the costs will pay off in the future.
Content of the article:
- Important about the individual gas heating system
- Stages of transition to individual heating
- Denial of central heating
- Permit to install a gas boiler
- Design and installation of an autonomous System
- Regulatory requirements and regulations
- Conclusions and a helpful video on the subject
Important information about the individual gas heating system
The advantages are the possibility to save on costs in the future. Also the owners will have independence from scheduled and unscheduled disconnections of hot water and heating. Many people are tempted by the possibility to maintain the desired indoor temperature all year round.
If the gas meter is not installed and the residents have to leave the apartment for a while, then they will not need to collect a number of documents certifying their real absence and provide them to the competent authorities. It will be enough just to turn off the gas boiler.
For heating an apartment in an apartment building, the market offers several options. Among them, the possibility to use natural gas for this purpose stands out. It allows to reach the desired temperatures, which provides the occupants with a sufficient level of comfort
The owner of the apartment decides for himself what the optimal temperature is. He or she calculates the budget for gas payments based on his or her needs and plans the costs.
Statistical calculations by experts on the installation of independent gas heating in apartment buildings show that the installation of autonomous systems reduces the heating costs of tenants by half on average, and water heating costs are reduced by a factor of three or more.
Big boilers using main gas do not provide high efficiency due to high heat losses on heating mains and other important factors.
Individualized, oversized systems allow efficient and quick repair of all key units, have low heat losses and, therefore, are productive and economical.
Most new buildings increasingly switch to individual gas heating. Such buildings are not initially equipped with riser pipes. They immediately install boilers in each individual apartment
Safe operation of the gas boiler is ensured by proper installation of all systems, checking their functionality and absence of gas leaks, exhausts. It is best to install the gas boiler in a separate boiler room to avoid exposure to accidentally leaked toxic gases that threaten humans.
The proper installation and conduct of the chimney is key to the installation of a gas boiler. If carbon monoxide is not fully vented from the room, there may be adverse effects on the residents of the apartment.
In order to install a gas boiler in an apartment, you must have a gas line connected. If there is no gas pipeline, it will take some time and a decent amount of money to install it. In addition, you need to obtain a number of permits. In such cases, everyone decides for himself whether to get involved in this process and bring it to completion.
Not always, speaking of individual gas heating in an apartment building, think of the apartment systems and boilers. Often one powerful boiler is installed for a whole house or staircase, which provides heat to the whole system under its control.
Thanks to this option, the residents are no longer dependent on the central mains. Usually, boilers are connected in the basement.
Dependence on district heating dictates that residents must pay the costs associated with heat losses. This is about thirty percent of the cost of heating services. Also due to the fact that most urban heating systems were built decades ago, they require regular maintenance.
An individual heating system can only be installed with a properly arranged ventilation and smoke extraction system. The regulations require that each operating boiler must be connected to a separate flue duct. In the absence of a chimney, there is a high probability of rejection
Maintenance is carried out by a number of specialists, whose work is paid by the residents of apartment buildings. By installing an individual system, the residents thereby avoid funding a lot of unnecessary specialists. If there is a breakdown in the installed system, it is always possible to collect funds for repair in equal shares from each tenant.
Wall boilers are mainly purchased for apartment heating, and powerful models of floor boilers are purchased to heat the whole house. Installation of all equipment shall be made only by specialists authorized to perform such work.
It is important to know that without authorization documents can not perform any work on the installation of autonomous heating by yourself. Independence in this case is ruinous and can lead to long litigation and liability before the law.
If you still decided to carry out your idea, then for its implementation you need to pass a number of stages, which we will describe in this article.
Stages of transition to individual heating
The constant struggle with the problems described above forces you to take the first step towards the installation of an autonomous system. It makes sense to think in advance about how to make a gas heating in your apartment, to calculate the costs of purchasing equipment and get an idea of the upcoming front of work.
First of all, document the existence of real problems. To do this, you need to submit the appropriate applications to your heating supplier and to the sanitary station.
In most cases, heating organizations are against autonomous heating. Some houses were designed directly for district heating. Disconnecting residents from the system leads to an unbalanced system
These preliminary actions will help to challenge in court the possible refusal to install individual heating. Issues of this nature are often resolved in court.
In order to facilitate the process and to gain confidence in your case you should familiarize yourself with several normative documents.
For residents of the Russian Federation this list includes:
Judicial practice shows that there are many precedents for successfully challenging unjustified refusals.
Remodeling of central heating
The text of Federal Law #190 specifies a list of individual heating sources allowed for installation in apartment buildings, as well as a list of devices banned for various reasons. The law, therefore, does not prohibit the use of modern gas boilers that meet the requirements.
To disconnect from the central system, many documents must be prepared. Some owners are shocked by the time and amounts required to carry out their idea. Even though the struggle will be difficult, autonomy is worth fighting for
According to article 26 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation the whole package of documents must be collected in order to carry out the alteration of the accommodation. This includes:
- A duly executed statement of the need for the alteration from the owner or responsible person;
- Original of the apartment's technical certificate;
- Copies and originals of notarized documents establishing the right to own and dispose of the dwelling;
- The original design for the alteration of the apartment;
- Written consent of all family members and other occupants registered in the premises;
- Certification of the Monument Conservation authorities regarding the permitted alteration of the premises.
The district heating company shall examine the application for a period of time. They will issue a letter allowing the apartment to be disconnected from the central heating system. This document is required when ordering technical conditions for the installation of individual gas heating within an apartment building.
The application for technical conditions must be submitted to the gas utility. The answer is usually issued within ten days. Refusal can be obtained in cases where there is no gas in the region, it cannot be purchased in cylinders or regularly replenish the blue fuel in the gas holder.
After the registration of the refusal of utilities in the field of heating should be dismantled old and inefficient systems. For this purpose it is necessary to have a project for the disconnection from the central heating.
The basis for the project is a letter from the Homeowners' Association with permission to stop using the services of the heating company. Be sure to receive a written response and keep it. In the case of refusal with this letter you can go to court to appeal.
Given the project documentation, it is necessary to go to the district branch of the All-Russian Voluntary Fire Society. After all checks there issue an act on the fire safety of the project. If necessary, they also make a project for the chimney.
Sometimes the city administration delays the approval procedure. In this case, you should write an application to the head of the administration to speed up the process. If after that you have not made progress, then think about going to court
All documentation must be approved by the city administration. Conclusion on approval or refusal is accepted within forty five calendar days from the date of its filing
Reconstruction of an apartment in an apartment building is denied on the basis of Article 27 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation in case the owner has not provided all the required documents. Unjustified refusal can be appealed in court.
Preparing documentation and obtaining approval to refuse central heating. This is the initial preparatory step towards a legal transition to an individual gas heating system.
The list of required documents differs depending on the region and the specifics of the law. Detailed information can be obtained in consultation with your city administration.
Gas Boiler Permit
A number of formalities must be followed for the successful installation of a gas boiler. First of all, it is necessary to apply for the necessity to install an individual gas system to the city gas utility.
At the same time it is necessary to obtain a document confirming the soundness of the ventilation and chimney. This can be requested from the fire department.
Each of the neighbors must give their written consent to your desire for a self-contained system. This is necessary because if you disconnect one or more apartments from the central heating system, there could be some disruptions to the heating system for the rest of the residents.
So some apartments may start receiving more heat and others less.
Installing a gas boiler without authorization, specifications and design could lead to destruction of equipment, physical injury and to legal action. Treat all gas appliances in your home responsibly
This problem is because most heating systems in apartment buildings have been obsolete for years and need constant maintenance.
Furthermore, you should ask the superintendent for pipes and radiators. If they are run by a homeowner, you must get permission to dismantle them from the neighbors. If they are under the jurisdiction of a state organization, then you must write to this company with a request to disconnect the systems.
After receiving all documents and permits, you must go to the city heating network and take permission there to draw up and approve the scheme of future autonomous heating.
When the entire list of documents is received and all previous steps are passed, you can proceed directly to the removal of old utilities. It usually takes three to six months to collect the required papers. Before you submit the technical certificate for the boiler to the gas organization you should choose a model of equipment appropriate for your apartment.
Boilers can be single-circuit or double-circuit. Two-circuit gas units provide residents not only heating, but also an uninterrupted supply of hot water. This allows you to save gas and reduce the cost of service charges. Modern oversized units have closed combustion chambers.
This design allows for simplified installation and no gas ducting. A special fan blows air from the street and then releases the combustion products back through the pipes installed for this purpose.
The design of gas boilers has a small weight and size. The boiler is installed on mounting strips on a supporting wall if all requirements for the room are met. Usually the boiler is connected to the gas main with metal pipes
The advantages of gas boilers include a multi-level safety system, which includes the presence of an automatic system shutdown function. A number of sensors monitor the draught force, presence or absence of flame.
Fluid pressure in the system is monitored by a safety valve and, in case of exceeding the norm, is responsible for draining the excess liquid. The expansion tank controls fluid expansion when heated. The air vent is responsible for discharging excess air from the system.
Design and installation of an autonomous system
At this stage the apartment owner together with the designer make the necessary calculations and decide exactly which individual heating system will be in the room. Depending on this, the gas boiler suitable in power and characteristics is selected.
After installation of the wall mounted gas boiler, the heating medium heating circuit should be connected to the heating system carried out. The operation of the boiler is controlled by automatics and a thermostat connected to it, the circulation pump built into the column is responsible for the motion of the coolant
The rules require 100 W per one square meter of area. This value is quite enough even for corner apartments connected by many common walls with neighbors, which guarantees the absence of heat losses
Wiring, i.e. the scheme according to which all heating devices and connecting pipes are located, depends on the type of selected boiler and the principle of heat carrier movement: natural or forced. The wiring is selected at the design stage. It may be one-pipe or two-pipe, horizontal or vertical, upper or lower.
In addition to the scheme of the new autonomous system, the content of the project must include a section that contains data on the dismantling of the old heating system. It specifies the details of the disassembly and removal of batteries and connections. Note that the risers going through the apartment cannot be dismantled and must be insulated.
Before initiating the abandonment of central heating and hot water supply, compare the pros and cons of an individual system. Only after making the calculations begin to collect all the necessary documents
The scheme of individual heating of your apartment should be consistent with the possibility of installing radiators with thermostatic valves at the inlet. The usual aluminium constructions are suitable for this purpose.
The owner of an apartment on the first floor has the possibility to design a water under-floor heating system in parallel with the autonomous heating. For the owners of apartments located above, this option is not available, as the floors are not designed for the weight of the system with heat transfer fluid and concrete screed.
If the construction of a water-floor heating system is approved, even on the first floor, separate procedures are provided to reinforce the lower slab by installing additional supports in the basement.
It may turn out after planning that new radiators must be installed. Despite the high cost of modern radiators, their quality plays an important role in the transfer of heat to the room. Therefore, it is better to choose quality models
If you have periodic power outages in your house, you should consider buying an uninterruptible power supply unit. Thanks to the UPS your gas boiler will work without interruptions and continuously provide your apartment with heating and hot water.
Regulatory requirements and regulations
In the transition to an individual heating system in an apartment building, the law requires compliance with a number of conditions.
The room in which the boiler is to be installed must meet the following parameters:
- A room of more than 4 square meters with a ceiling height of more than 2.5 meters;
- The width of the front door is more than 80 centimeters;
- The presence of a natural light source (window);
- The distance between the gas boiler and other appliances that work with fire must be at least 30 centimeters;
- The boiler must only be hung on a load-bearing wall;
- The height of the boiler mount from the floor must be no more than 150 centimeters.
If you do the individual heating yourself, you must clearly follow the rules described above. Firms carrying out installation work perform the installation in accordance with all requirements. The gas boiler itself is connected to the system only employees of the gas utility.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Benefits and disadvantages of autonomous heating of the apartment:
Gas boiler in the apartment, personal experience and features of operation:
The arrangement of new individual heating in the premises of an apartment building is characterized by a number of features. A lot of effort, time and money will be spent on obtaining permits: collecting the necessary documents, submitting them and obtaining approvals. In addition, the new system and its design costs a lot of money.
Otherwise, individual heating is a way to get rid of a number of problems and save money on utility bills in the future. The owner insures itself against pressure drops, can install modern polypropylene pipes, which will last a long time. Also with the help of programmers you can set remote control of the boiler.
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